Monday, January 31, 2011 - 12:26
In the world where efforts to attach adjectival characters to place meanings and differentiate every object that exists are continuously conducted, efforts to understand human nature are also relentlessly conducted. As Wenona Giles and Jennifer Hyndman (2004) is stating the human body as “a site always marked by relations of gender, class, nation, race, caste, religion, and geographical location.” The nature of men and women were also given meanings and differentiated by attaching masculine or feminine characters into adjectival language, in which men naturally only possess masculine characters, while women naturally only have feminine characters. Strong, brave, dominant are called masculine characters considered as men’s natural features, while gentle, weak, submissive are called feminine characters considered as women’s natural features. These differentiations between masculine and feminine characters also happened in the language of international politics,...
Wednesday, May 26, 2010 - 13:00
On the morning of 26 December 2004, an earthquake measuring 8.7 on the Richter scale struck off the coast of Aceh province, and was followed shortly afterwards by one of the most devastating tsunamis in recorded history, a monstrous tidal wave that flattened communities along the west and north coasts of the province. At least 1,400 villages in the province of Aceh, which is located on the northern tip of Sumatra Island, Indonesia, were wiped off the face of the earth, with nothing left behind except mud, ruins and bloated, putrefying corpses – a tragedy of unparallel proportions in the history of Indonesia, and possibly also the world. People around the globe were shocked to see the lives of so many human beings extinguished in what was little more than the blink of an eye. Those who survived were left to flounder in a new world full of pain and desperation, at a loss to know how to survive, forced to live a life full of uncertainty as displaced persons in tents.  
Wednesday, May 26, 2010 - 12:56
Internal displacement “shall last no longer than required by the circumstances,” the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement stipulate. It is now well recognized that to be internally displaced is to be exposed to a range of particular risks and vulnerabilities, even if it does not create a legal status. Bringing an end to this precarious plight is critically important. However, if decided prematurely, it can have serious ramifications. There consequently has to be an understanding of how to define and realize this end in a manner that respects the safety and security of the displaced.
Wednesday, May 26, 2010 - 12:54
Among the first of the governmental reforms that have been initiated in the period since the downfall of former President Suharto's New Order, an era identified by the very term Reformasi[1] (literally, Reformation), has been the legislation concerning regional autonomy (UU No. 22 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemerintahan Daerah, UU No. 25 Tahun 1999 tentang Perimbangan Keuangan Antara Pemerintah Pusat dan Daerah [GOI 1999]). Responding to the demands of various provinces for greater control of their revenues, most importantly a greater proportion of the profit from the exploitation of local resources (e.g. natural gas in Aceh, oil in Riau, gold and diamonds in South Kalimantan, copra cloves, and chocolate in North Sulawesi, gold and copper in Papua [formerly Irian Jaya]), this legislation, according to the introduction to the published edition, seeks to meet the `challenge of global competition' (`tantangan persaingan global') and to `emphasise democratic principles, the role of society,...
Wednesday, May 26, 2010 - 12:53
December 13th, 2003, marked the end of a joint Indonesian-American education project that has occupied most of my thoughts and activities for past two years. On my return to Ohio University (OU) in the fall of 2001, in fact two weeks into my first quarter, I was presented with the challenge of drafting an initial plan for tolerance education training to be done in Indonesia. This would be one part of a larger, multi-perspective Conflict Resolution Training-Of-Trainers (TOT) grant proposal for which the Center for Research on Intergroup Relations and Conflict Resolution (CERIC) at the University of Indonesia (UI) and Center for Southeast Asian Studies at OU, was applying. It was a collaborative response to help with the increasing rate of communal and ethnic violence which has been occurring in Indonesia since 1997. In Spring 2002, the U.S. State Department awarded our group with the funding to begin. Little did we know then that this project would become the major focus of my second...

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